This feedback helps QA identify flaws that it might have missed during the development stage tests, such as unit and functional testing. Additionally, acceptance testing helps developers understand business needs for each function in the tested software. Acceptance testing can also help ensure the software or application meetscomplianceguidelines.

definition of acceptance testing

The plan should include the scope of the testing, defined entry and exit criteria, detailed acceptance tests design manner, testing schedule, and other details about the agreed-upon testing procedure. An effective acceptance testing process includes the following 5 major steps. There is a number of acceptance testing types differing by their function and methods of application.

Feedback help in improving the product performance and user experience. Customers and domain experts, the primary audience for acceptance tests, find acceptance tests that contain implementation details difficult to review and understand. To prevent acceptance tests from being overly concerned with technical implementation, involve customers and/or domain experts in the creation and discussion of acceptance tests.

What is acceptance testing used for?

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definition of acceptance testing

Make sure your solution can engage both the business and functional users. Employ collaborative technology to ease coordination between diverse groups. Here are the seven obstacles that a good team must overcome to create a successful software delivery. Acceptance tests that are unduly focused on technical implementation also run a the risk of failing due to minor or cosmetic changes which in reality do not have any impact on the product’s behavior. For example, if an acceptance test references the label for a text field, and that label changes, the acceptance test fails even though the actual functioning of the product is not impacted.

A number of different notations and approaches have been proposed for such examples or scenarios. In many cases the aim is that it should be possible to automate the execution of such tests by a software tool, either ad-hoc to the development team or off the shelf. Beta testing, also known as field testing represents tests performed at the customers’ sites. Customers are using the product at their locations and provide feedback which is essential before releasing it to the general audience. Acceptance testing is a type of testing that can be used to test the functionality and performance of a system.

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Having clear communication standards facilitates the proper and timely feedback flow about emerging errors. Such instructions also make it possible to recreate the conditions in which the malfunction appeared. The purpose of acceptance testing is to determine if a product, feature, or any other system meets the determined requirements prior to its delivery. Acceptance test scenarios or acceptance tests’ major objectives are to verify that a system is compliant with the functional specifications and business requirements for delivery.

Acceptance testing is an important part of the development process. It helps to ensure what has been developed meets the needs of stakeholders. User acceptance testing , also called end-user testing, assesses if the software operates as expected by the target base of users. Users could mean internal employees or customers of a business or another group, depending on the project. Acceptance testing occurs after system tests, but before deployment.

  • Acceptance tests provided for in the Contract shall, unless otherwise agreed, be carried out at the place of manufacture of the Products during Supplier’s normal working hours.
  • In short, OAT is the primary type of acceptance testing for all non-functional requirements.
  • When you do compliance or regulatory testing, you verify that the software complies with the applicable rules and regulations.
  • When you work with a mature agile team, you won’t even see any difference between specifications and verification.
  • Most of the time testers not only check that the equipment meets the specification, but also that it is fully functional.

It is typically the final stage of software evaluation, only conducted once the development team is confident that any bugs or errors have been resolved. It acts as ‘go’ or ‘no go’ from customers — stopping any substandard software from being launched. Furthermore, acceptance criteria also help to understand how well a component is built and to minimize production issues. They should be testable, clear, simple, and well-understood by everyone.

Beta Testing/Field Testing

User acceptance testing falls at the end of one of the “V” branches, the final step. The testers consist of either people in the target market of potential buyers or a testing team of end-users that includes stakeholders and representatives of every group in the organization. Sometimes, users don’t want to participate in the testing process. It covers only the Black-Box testing process and hence the entire functionality of the product will be tested.

definition of acceptance testing

User acceptance testing is the final testing stage in software development before production. It’s used to get feedback from users who test the software and its user interface . UAT is usually done manually, with users creating real-world situations and testing how the software reacts and performs. Test-case scenarios can also be automated, simulating a user experience.

A QA team writes acceptance tests and sets them up to examine how the software acts in a simulated production environment. Acceptance testing confirms the software’s stability and checks for flaws. In general, user acceptance testing refers to testing among simulated and real users. But there are other facets of UAT that play a role in this phase of development as well.

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User Acceptance Testing Design

By the time a design is completed, an acceptance test plan draft has to be prepared and given to the client for approval. After that, the acceptance test plan has to be approved by both parties. In contract acceptance testing, the software under development is tested according to the specifications and criteria agreed upon in a predefined contract. The UAT acts as a final verification of the required business functionality and proper functioning of the system, emulating real-world conditions on behalf of the paying client or a specific large customer. If the software works as required and without issues during normal use, one can reasonably extrapolate the same level of stability in production. User acceptance testing consists of a process of verifying that a solution works for the user.

Whenever possible, the testing occurs in a «war room» or conference room sort where all participants assemble for a day and work through the list of acceptance test cases. Once the tests are done and the results completed, the powers that be make an Acceptance Decision, also known as the Go/No-Go decision. If the users are satisfied, it’s a «Go.» Otherwise, it’s a «No-go.» Alpha, beta, and UAT all fall under the category of acceptance testing. The acceptance test is focused on evaluating the software system against the customer’s requirements.

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The benefit of UAT is that there will be no surprises when the product is released to the market. With UAT, the client can be sure “What to expect” from the product rather than assuming. According to Glassdoor, Java full-stack developers in the United States earn an annual average of $108,394.

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Types of acceptance testing

Teams mature in their practice of agile use acceptance tests as the main form of functional specification and the only formal expression of business requirements. Other teams use acceptance tests as a complement to specification documents containing uses cases or more narrative text. In engineering and its various subdisciplines, acceptance testing is a test conducted to determine if the requirements of a specification or contract are met. It may involve chemical tests, physical tests, or performance tests.

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You also know now that you can avoid the misinterpretations that lead to getting what you didn’t mean by adopting a test-first approach like BDD. Or at least by creating the acceptance criteria for user stories first and letting them inform both development and QA testing. Repair Testing At the time of repair of a LIS trunk group, at no additional charge, tests will be definition of acceptance testing performed to ensure that the service is operational and meets the applicable technical parameters. The ATP should be detailed such that if the testing is done as per the ATP, step by step, all the functionality and performance parameters are tested. Beta testing can be understood to be «field testing.» It’s done by a selected group of real users in their environment.


But, if test cases exceed an unacceptable threshold, they will fail. So, I’m sure you’re with me when I say that acceptance testing is an essential part of any software development process. Even if it’s no longer a separate activity, you’ll need to go through these steps. For example, you’d create acceptance criteria as part of requirements gathering or defining user stories.